Temps de lecture :2 minutes
What if we completely changed the way of dealing with the problem? The international negotiations around the Kyoto Protocol are at a standstill because governments cannot agree on the necessary efforts. Also, certain experts have suggested that emissions per person rather than emissions per country should be considered.
This approach makes it possible to go overlook the antagonism between industrialized countries and developing countries. It makes everyone equally responsible regardless of nationality and makes it possible to take the emergence of wealthy classes in emergent countries into account. Some of those in these classes have standards of living that are similar or superior to those in the West. Within this hypothesis, the determining factor becomes people’s wealth as greenhouse gas emissions tend to increase with standard of living. This can be overcome: according to certain estimates, limiting the emissions of all human beings to 10 tons of CO2 a year- more than the current European average – would be enough to reduce emissions by 30% by 2030.
Pilot experiments of the personal “carbon card” are currently being carried out. And in the United States and the United Kingdom, certain payment cards already allow one to compensate the emissions linked to one’s purchases. But there are still many difficulties, especially in evaluating each person’s emissions and setting up an individual emissions counting system.
This approach makes citizens responsible for the large amounts of GEGs they emit through their consumption, their housing etc. It focuses on behaviour and encourages responsible ways of living. If individual quotas are determined fairly, the system will not penalise the poor as their GEG emissions are low. On the contrary, it could even be a way of fighting global warming and poverty at the same time. oped.