Temps de lecture :2 minutes
Turkey is a natural bridge between Europe and Asia. 60% of all forests, ie 12 million hectares, are inside fire risk zones. Almost entirely taken up by the Anatolian plateau (1,500km from east to west), almost 80% of the territory is at an altitude of over 500 meters. The central plateau is wedged between two folded mountain ranges over 3,000m high, mount Ararat being the highest point with 5,165 meters.
Transportation: the Bosporus is the world’s 4th strait in traffic; it runs through Istanbul (12 million inhabitants). This is where a few dozen thousands of boats pass through, a third of them carrying hazardous loads (liquefied gas or oil). The risk of accidents also helped promote the Baku–Tbilisi–Ceyhan(BTC) pipeline that transports each day 1 million barrels of Azerbaijani oil towards the Turkish port of Ceyhan.
Nuclear energy: altough the first few attemps were aborted due to environmental issues, the government plans – for the 5th time – to build 3 nuclear power plants. Among those, the Sinop plant is 435km to the northeast of Ankara, on the Black Sea shore near a line of seismic fracture. The government relies on their proven reserves of 9,000 tons of uranium and 230,000 tons of thorium (fuel for the new generation of nuclear power plants) and on a center for uranium enrichment.
Energy: 15 new parks of 10 to 50 megawatts in capacity should be built on the Cesme peninsula (Agean Sea).
Water: Turkey is at the origin of both Tigris and Euphrates rivers, essentials to Iraq and Syria. The country built many dams on the rivers (notably the huge Atatürk dam) that reduce the quantity of water available downstream, which causes conflicts with the two countries. The salted water of lake Van, the largest lake of the country (1,713km²), is polluted.
Air: In this smokers stronghold country, also the world’s 5th tobacco producer, the Parliament adopted a law in January 2008 to ban smoking in administration offices, workplaces, restaurants and coffee shops.