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Tirana – Albanie © AFP – photo GENT SHKULLAKU

Two thirds of Albania’s 29,000 km² land area is mountainous, and the country boasts close to 500 km of coastline. Albania lags slightly behind other European nations from both an economic and an environmental perspective; its first Ministry of the Environment was established in 2001.


Due to the prevalence of old cars, damaged roads, and illegal incineration of waste, Tirana is considered Europe’s most polluted capital. To deal with the municipal waste problem, Tirana city council has just established a waste collection program with severe penalties for infractions. Other municipalities have taken on the problem of sewage, which is often discharged directly into the sea and rivers.

Coastal pollution: on the Adriatic coast, near the city of Durres, the long-controversial Porto Romano industrial site is now undergoing cleanup. In the oil-producing regions of Fier and Ballsh, industrial pollution is a serious threat.

Energy: the country struggles to supply electricity to its population of 3.5 million. Existing hydroelectric plants along the Drin are insufficient. Tirana is therefore making way for the construction of nuclear power plants in conjunction with Italy.

National parks: two new national parks have been created: Prespa Park and Butrint National Park, near the Greek border.


Over the past fifteen years, several NGOs have been founded, but they often lack the needed resources. A case in point is Ekolevizja.

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