Abstract: Democratization, economic development and corruption are closely intertwined. In some countries, affluence, democracy, and moderate to low-level corruption are mutually reinforced; elsewhere poverty, undemocratic politics, and high levels of corruption form another much more diverse category of cases. Serious corruption is a threat to democracy both directly and indirectly. In the first case, it weakens political institutions and civil society ; in the second, corruption delays and distorts the economic development needed to help sustain democracy. While democratic politics alone cannot guarantee economic growth, it can help bring corruption under control if political competition is well-institutionalized and influential. To be most effective as an anti-corruption strategy, democratization must be accompanied by sound economic development and institutional anti-corruption measures.
Revue Tiers monde (Tiers monde) ISSN 0040-7356, 2000, no161, pp. 117-142 (2 p.1/4), Langue: Français, Éditeur: Presses universitaires de France, Paris, FRANCE (1960-1996) (Revue). CNRS.