Conclusions of the Report on Organic Agriculture and Food Security

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The meeting participants agreed on the following conclusions, as summarized by the Chair:

– Organic agriculture can contribute to food security but its potential to do so depend greatly on political will.

– New challenges such as climate change can be mitigated by organic agriculture through such measures as enhanced soil carbon sequestration. Organic agriculture also offers practical climate adaptation options.

– Water security is enhanced by organic agriculture, in terms of drinking water quality, decreased irrigation needs in organic soils and better yields in water-stressed climate variability.

– Agrobiodiversity is protected and sustainably used by organic agriculture.

– Nutritional adequacy is enhanced by the more diverse and micronutrient-rich organic foods.

– Rural development is achieved by organic agriculture through generating income and employment in areas where people have no alternative other than using their labour, local resources and indigenous knowledge.

– An international network for organic research and proper dispersion is crucial for the further development of organic agriculture and more public resources should be devoted to agro-ecological science.

– Food security is tightly linked to agricultural policies that determine export and import choice. Organic agriculture reconciles economic objectives with environmental and social objectives but its further development requires securing a level playing field through appropriate policy interventions.

– Food security is not only a concern of developing countries as fossil fuel crisis, climate change and other vulnerabilities in the food chain may also endanger areas that have food security.

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