Doctor of State in Economic Sciences, Jacques Attali graduated from the following prestigious universities: Ecole Polytechnique, Ecole des Mines, Institut d’Etudes Politiques and the Ecole Nationale de l’Administration. Professor and writer, Honorary Counciller of State to the President of the Republic from 1981 to 1991, he founded and became the first chairman of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) in London from 1991 to 1993. Today, Jacques Attali is Chairman of the international consulting firm specialising in new technologies called A&A, (, and is Chairman of PlaNet Finance (), a not-for-profit organization bringing together microfinance institutions worldwide. Mr. J. Attali founded Action Against Hunger (AAH) in 1980, and in 1989 launched an international action programme in response to the catastrophic flooding in Bangladesh. Author of some 40 books, over six million copies are in circulation worldwide. In 2008, as Chairman of the Commission for “the liberation of growth”, Jacques Attali presented the French President with a report including 314 propositions, some of which have caused heated debate and criticism in the public arena.