The city of Besançon set up a Redevance d’Enlèvement des Ordures Ménagères (REOM) in 1999 aimed at all individuals living in the area. Homes are taxed according to the amount of waste they generate. The fee therefore goes up if the individual orders a larger container and doubles if he/ she orders a second bin. The studies undertaken in the cities which have adopted the tax show that residual household waste is reduced by 15 to 50% and that the amount of recycled waste increases from 10 to 100 %. The total amount of waste remains stable whilst other towns show a continued increase. 300 towns in France have adopted this waste management policy.