Croatia is one of the six republics of the former Yugoslavia. This crescent-shaped country is made up largely of 1,800 km of Adriatic coastline and around 1,200 islands. The country of 4.6 million has always depended heavily on agriculture in the north and east, however the coastal area enjoys a thriving tourist industry, welcoming close to 10 million visitors a year. Over a third of the national territory is under forest cover; the forest industry is a key economic sector.
Fishing: Croatia has abandoned its plans for fishing waters in the Adriatic, outside its territorial limits. Authorities wanted the area declared an Ecological and Fisheries Protection Zone (ZERP) to keep Slovenian and Italian trawlers from operating in the area and to protect its dwindling fish stocks. However, Croatia had to bend to the decision of the European Commission.
In 2007, around 1,100 km², or 2% of the country, was contaminated with some 250,000 landmines and other unexploded ordnance.
Energy: construction of the first nuclear power plant is underway in Erdut, on the Danube. Hungary has voiced opposition to Croatian plans for a hydroelectric dam on the Drava, a river on the border.
Protected areas: Implementation of Natura 2000 is slow to catch on in Croatia, despite the fact that 6% of the national territory is already protected by nature reserves such as Vransko Lake (Vransko jezero), an Important Bird Area (IBA).
Zelena akcija (“Green Action”) is campaigning against the construction of a hydroelectric dam on the Dobra. Other environmental players include Friends of the Earth Croatia and POL, the “Movement for Human Rights and Party of Environmentally Conscious Citizens” (Pokret za ljudska prava, stranka ekoloski svjesnih gradjana).