Purpose and issues
With the development of global trade and international transport, risks related to transboundary movement and use of hazardous wastes and substances sparked increasing fears, especially in developing countries yet lacking the technical capacity and infrastructure to guarantee proper management and disposal under safe conditions.
The Basel Convention aims to protect human health and the environment against the deadly consequences of production, management, transboundary movement, and disposal of hazardous wastes. The driving philosophy of the text is that movement of hazardous waste is only justified in exceptional cases. Signatory Parties also commit to reduce hazardous waste production and carry out disposal as close as possible to the source of generation.