In 2000, 35% of woodland areas were used to produce timber. The surface area of productive plantations increased by 25 million hectares between 2000 and 2005. Each year, the demand for products made from wood increases by 2.7% and the forest surface area shrinks by 0.2% (7.9 million hectares). The felling of primary forests has led to their disappearance, as in Western Europe, or to their decline in the tropical countries of Africa, Latin America and Asia. The silvicultural sector as a whole provided employment to about 13 million people in 2000. Closely dependent on the human societies that practise it, silviculture has been regarded in recent years by the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organisation as a potentially effective means of fighting against poverty, given that poverty is the main cause of deforestation in sub-Saharan Africa.
There are three types of practice in forest management and timber produ...
Jon R. Luoma