World food production and undernourishment
In the world, almost 350 kilos of cereal are produced per person a year (1). If they were spread equally among all men, everybody would have enough to eat. According to Jean Ziegler (2), the former United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food, farming can feed 12 billion human beings. We are only 6 billion but 854 million people in the world still do not have enough to eat (3).
In 2007, the World Food Program (WFP) distributed 3.3 million tons of food to over 86 million people in 80 countries throughout the world. (4) If it is well handled, food aid helps populations. However, if it is not carefully undertaken, it can discourage local production meant for local consumption by making prices drop. The distribution of vast quantities of food aid can also make certain countries dependent on food imports. At the end of the 1950s, a third of corn grown for...