Aquaculture is the sector of the food industry that has the highest rate of growth in the world, mainly for the two following reasons:
- The demand in fish protein keeps expanding, due to the worldwide demographic growth and food preferences turning more towards sea products. The average consumption of products of aquatic origin was 16kg (≈ 8 pounds) per person annually in 2004 (187 kg per person in the Maldives, 66 kg in Japon, 26 kg in European union and China).
- Wild fishery stocks are decreasing, since ecosystems have reached their maximum catch potential for a number of species. The sea fish landings fluctuated around 80 to 90 million tonnes per year since the mid eighties.
Contribution to “food safety”
Aquaculture offers a diet rich in high quality proteins, essential fatty acids, together with vitamins and minerals. Approximately 56% of the world’s population obtains at least 20% of its supply in an...